The Indonesian Customary Law is also known as the Sukur Criminal Code. The Sukur criminal code comprises various codes based on customary law, family law, administrative law and national security law. All the codes are framed by an Indonesian Consensus, which was adopted by the representatives of different groups within Indonesia. This consensus is held annually and is approved by the conferences of heads of state.
This law covers a wide range of subjects, such as, marriage, divorce, property, child custody, gambling, advertising, trademarks, children, inheritance, trusts, banking, international relations, non-commerce criminal law and family matters. Each of these subjects is addressed in several legal codes through the decades. Most countries have their own variant of the Indonesian customary law, which are implemented in a number of ways. But the Indonesian law is unique in that it explicitly bases almost all its legislation and proceedings on cultural norms and customary beliefs. Continue reading
Indonesian Legal Anthropology is a growing discipline in Indonesian studies. It has emerged as a promising career field due to its interdisciplinary nature and focus on legal practices. This field of study is an extension of the study of law and of legal background in Indonesia. Some of the many areas that this field studies include socio-cultural approach, social construction, legal and anthropological linguistics, law and human rights, law and violence, women and law, geographical and environmental aspects, and legal education and legal methods and models.
The field of Indonesian Legal Anthropology is characterised by its interdisciplinary nature. It is an offshoot of anthropological research. This field looks closely at the human origins and distribution through time. It also studies Indonesian traditional legal systems and legal innovations that are part and parcel of the Indonesian society. Legal anthropologists usually follow a socio-cultural approach in their study. They try to understand the factors that shape human actions and the environment that produce and foster them. Continue reading
Indonesia has never fully laid down the bones of its horrific past tragedy, especially after the upheaval that swept its former eastern province of East Timor. However, it must also be said that the Indonesian authorities are not actually able to secure all human rights abuses taking place inside its own jurisdiction, particularly in its sensitive area of maritime law. In fact, many people believe that the new constitution that was recently approved by the Indonesian parliament does little to heal the wounds of East Timor’s civil unrests, and is largely toothless when it comes to prosecuting perpetrators. This has made the enforcement of Indonesian human rights law all the more complicated and challenging. Continue reading
The criminal law in Indonesia is composed of different subsets. Each of them has a unique function in shaping the country’s justice mechanism. The legal system of Indonesia is characterized by judicial interpretation followed by application of statutory law. It is very significant to be studied comprehensively since the operation of the judicial system is highly influenced by the social environment, particularly the social subsystems. In this article, we discuss the Indonesian criminal law system with an Pancasila viewpoint; also, Indonesia’s criminal law with the notion of Pancasila. Continue reading
The terms immigration law and (i)migration law are often used interchangeably. There is no substantial difference in daily use. The term migration law is more commonly used by professionals in the field because it refers to people moving between countries. For example, a Dutch person can also become a foreign citizen if he chooses to live in Belgium. Migration law is therefore a more international term that concerns not only national laws, but also international regulations. To emphasize this point, our association uses the term migration law rather than immigration law.
Migration law is part of administrative law, which concerns all the rules relating to the entry, entry, stay and transfer of foreigners. This also includes their claims to facilities and naturalization. In addition, a distinction is often made between ordinary foreigner or migration laws and asylum laws. The right of asylum concerns situations where a person cannot return to his/her country for political, religious or other (security) reasons. All situations not related to asylum law involve regular migration law.
Criminal law is the body of criminal law, which relates specifically to criminal behavior. It proscribes criminal conduct construed as dangerous, menacing, harmful, or else threatening to the public safety, peace, privacy, and moral well being of society in its entirety, inclusive of one’s own self. It also includes offenses against humanity as well.
The United States of America is a signatory to the International Criminal Code. This code is considered by the international criminal law system to be the primary body of criminal law around the world. The International Criminal Court (ICC) is an institution that can only be comprised of jurisdictions that are signatories to the code. The ICC is also the sole authority to determine crimes that are universal criminal code offenses. Therefore, if a state is not a signatory to the ICC’s universal criminal code, then that state is not subject to the jurisdiction of the ICC. Continue reading
If you are trying to teach yourself how to read, tips for reading books easily are a great place to start. Reading is something that many people find very hard and it is often one of the last things that people pick up when learning to read. It is important to try and break down the language as much as possible, and with the tips for reading books easily you should be able to do this quite easily. Here are some tips for reading books that should help you out.
The first tip that will really help you out is to make sure that you do not read the book in the same time each day. If you do, then you may not be able to get all of the important parts of the book, and this could mean that you miss out on some of the most important or fun facts or the story. This can also slow you down, so it is always better to read a page at a time. It also depends on how fast you want to learn how to read. Some people can read an entire book in a week, while others take a much longer time.
Another of the tips for reading books that is important is to focus on what you are reading. If you are reading about history, you may spend more time on one thing than another and this is why it is important to try and keep track of everything that you read so that you know where you are. This will also help you learn how to skip parts of the book that you did not like as well. Finally, it is important to practice what you read often. This way you will get better and faster at it, which means you will also enjoy it more.
“Say No To Plagiarism : Upaya Untuk Menanam Pribadi yang Jujur Bagi Mahasiswa Dalam Menghasilkan Karya yang Inovatif” adalah tema yang diangkat dalam Seminar Hukum pada Jum’at, 03 April 2019 dengan 2 narasumber yaitu Dartimnov M. T. Harahap, S.H yang merupakan Kepala Subbidang Pelayanan Kekayaan Intelektual dan Dr. M. Citra Ramadhan, SH., MH adalah akademisi Fakultas Hukum Universitas Medan Area.